Naval General Service Medal 1793-1840, one clasp "Algiers", to a Royal Marine, H.M.S. Severn
Impressed to : James Bradley
A Naval General Service Medal 1793-1840, 1 Clasp: Algiers, awarded to Private James Bradley, Royal Marines, who was serving aboard the (38) Gun Frigate H.M.S. Severn, and as such was aboard this ship at the bombardment of Algiers on 27th August 1816.
Naval General Service Medal 1793-1840, 1 Clasp: Algiers; (JAMES BRADLEY.)
A unique name on the medal roll.
Condition: Extremely Fine.
The British prepared an expedition against the forts and shipping at Algiers in retaliation for depredations against the crews of numerous small vessels. A fleet under Lord Exmouth in the 100 gun H.M.S. Queen Charlotte, set sail from Plymouth. Anchored off Gibraltar Bay, he was joined by a number of Dutch ships under Vice Admiral Baron Van de Capellan. The combined expedition had taken on a difficult target as the fortifications on all sides, and the water around was so shallow that large ships could not approach within reach. On 27th August, the British and Dutch ships lay outside Algiers almost becalmed and a message was sent ashore demanding compliance with a number of conditions. When no answer was received by the 2 pm deadline, the fleet bore up to attack, but were fired upon first, a sustained and fierce action then ensued. By 7 pm the mortar and rocket boats had set all the vessels within the harbour on fire and flames soon reached the arsenal and storehouses on the mole, and the city was also on fire in several parts from the shells thrown by the bomb vessels. An ordnance sloop, charged with 143 barrels of gunpowder was then run on shore and exploded at 9 pm. The fleet continued a tremendous cannonade until about 10 pm. With the city greatly damaged, the fleet withdrew and was soon beyond reach of the enemy's shot. The next day contact was made with the authorities in Algiers and soon the Dey of Algiers had agreed to British demands. Severn herself had three men killed and 34 wounded.